Die internationale Fachtagung, die seit den 1980er Jahren in zweijährigem Abstand an unterschiedlichen Orten (bisher Manchester, Warschau, Leeds, Belfast und Southampton) Begegnungen von Musikwissenschaftlern und Musikern aus aller Welt ermöglicht, fand vom 9. bis 13. Juli 2014 zum ersten Mal im deutschsprachigen Raum statt. Die Referate und Lecture-Recitals, in parallelen Sektionen geführt, widmeten sich der Musikgeschichte, Aufführungspraxis und Musiktheorie des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts, diesmal mit den Schwerpunktthemen "Barockmusik im zentraleuropäischen Raum“ und "Musikalischer Transfer über die Alpen“. Das Rahmenprogramm beinhaltete Konzerte des Institutes für Alte Musik und des Collegium Vocale Salzburg in der barocken Pfarrkirche von Mülln, ein Conference Dinner auf der Festung Hohensalzburg, ein Delegates’ Concert und am letzten Tag einen Ausflug über die Großglockner Hochalpenstraße. Die Christoph-Graupner-Gesellschaft zeichnete verantwortlich für eine Sektion zu Graupners Kantatenwerk, wobei Christoph Großpietsch als Leiter der Sektion fungierte.
Mitglieder der Christoph-Graupner-Gesellschaft hielten folgende Referate:
- Guido Erdmann:
Sacred Dialogue Cantatas by Christoph Graupner
With the appointment of Graupner as a Kapellmeister at the court of Hesse-Darmstadt, a period of artistic renewal began in 1709, guided mainly by the claim of theatricality ("Theatralität"). A somewhat concept of theatrical church music was established in Darmstadt, even before efforts to operate a prestigious court opera revealed significant contour. Its essential element, which makes the intention particularly clear and gives the court church music a significant tendency, is the corpus dialogue cantatas composed by Graupner on libretti of the Neumeister follower and Darmstadt court librarian Georg Christian Lehms.
- Rashid S. Pegah:
In Search of Settings and Occasions. Secular Cantatas at the Landgraviate Court of Hesse-Darmstadt
During the last three decades interest in the music at the Darmstadt court has been rekindled again. Thus further interest has focussed on the sacred cantatas and the instrumental works of Christoph Graupner. Some attention has also been given to the operas performed within the decade 1709-19. However, the secular cantatas which Graupner composed and performed during his extraordinary long tenure have been rather neglected. The present paper undertakes to find answers to questions about the occasions for which these works were composed and the settings in which they could have been performed. In search of solutions I shall draw on comparable testimonies from other German courts, related to the Darmstadt court, and on more general descriptions of settings for music-making, e.g. from 18th century 'Ceremonielliteratur'.
- Beate Sorg:
Graupner and the Use of Musical Borrowings
Heretofore, the immense quantity of Christoph Graupner’s vocal works has made it a daunting scheme for scholars to survey the re-use of earlier music, either of his own or other composer’s origin. It has been stated to date, that Graupner, who reworked a considerable number of his ouverture suites to fit into his later symphonies, used to create new music in his cantatas as a matter of principle, even if confronted with the same lyrics or textual templates. However, there is evidence that Graupner used borrowings in various cases, on the one hand in church cantatas when he reused some of his previous charale settings, on the other hand when he achieved a fusion of old and new elements in certain secular cantatas.
- Ursula Kramer:
Performance-Practice at the Court of Hesse-Darmstadt
Apart from the huge amount of surviving compositions written by Graupner as music for the court, there are few further sources revealing details about the actual state and conditions of music-making of the day. But the compositions themselves, in particular the individual vocal and orchestral parts, in fact contain quite a number of secondary hints; thus, the attempt of an acoustic recontruction seems to be worthwhile: the number of parts of still existing works (revealing therefore the ensemble’s size), detailed instructions concerning dynamics, specific instrumentation in individual parts, are just a selection of various hints towards a more concrete picture of musical life at the Darmstadt court: Was there a specific „Darmstadt sound“ in the first half of the 18th century? The analysis will be based upon Graupner’s cantata production, the only musical genre with explicit dating which therefore helps us to follow stylistic changes and development.
Termin: 9. bis 13. Juli 2014
Veranstalter: Universität Mozarteum, Salzburg